Role of elections in consolidating democracy
The struggle for democratic government in Nigeria during military era is almost the same as anti-colonial struggle.
This is because both the promoter and supporter of democracy in Nigeria are highly committed and dedicated before the transition comes to reality.
Their roles and activities are critical in any assessment of democratic practice (Momoh, 2013).
Political parties had the mandate to produce the right calibre of people to govern (Momoh, 2013).
The party is the result of an alliance of Nigeria’s three biggest opposition parties – the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) – and a faction of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) – merged to take on the People’s Democratic Party.
The party received approval from the nation’s electoral umpire Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) on 31 July 2013 to become a political party and subsequently withdrew the operating licenses of the three predecessor parties (the ACN, CPC and ANPP).
It won every Presidential election between 19, and was until the 2015 elections, the governing party in the Fourth Republic although in some cases, amid a few controversial electoral circumstances.
Political parties are at the heart of examining the health of any form of democracy (Orji, 2013), for example, maintains that ‘to talk, today, about democracy, is to talk about a system of competitive political parties.
These Political Parties will serve as mediating institutions through which differences in ideas, interests and perceptions of political problems at a given time can be managed (Omotola, 2008).
The fact still remain that “the strength and effectiveness of Political Parties is directly proportional to the degree of resilience democracy enjoy” (Mimiko, 2007).
APC candidate Muhammadu Buhari won the presidential election by almost 2.6 million votes.
Incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan conceded defeat on 31 March.